Afraid of spiders? Your dislike might actually be wise. Although multi-legged insects are much smaller than us, some can be extremely dangerous with bites that could end a human life.
No need to fear too much if you cross a web, not all spiders are so threatening. And, even for those who are, advances in anti-venom technology have made treatment more effective.
Understanding the true danger of some spiders requires first busting a few myths. Here’s everything you need to know about arachnids to avoid, from leggy daddies to tarantulas to black widow spiders.
What is the deadliest spider in the world?
The funnel spider is widely considered the most dangerous arachnid. This Australian spider has a venom that contains 40 different toxic proteins.
Although a bite from one of these creatures is certainly capable of killing a human, there have been no reported fatalities from a funnel-web spider in Australia since 1980.
Check out the cobwebs in space: Have you ever wondered if spiders can build webs in space without gravity to guide them?
Are Daddy’s Long Legs Poisonous?
Not in a dangerous way. But wait, isn’t Daddy Leggy the most dangerous spider in the world? No, it’s a myth. While it’s true that Daddy Long Legs are venomous, all that means is that they anatomically have specific glands used for venom production.
“Long-legged daddy” is actually an umbrella term that can refer to three different groups: pholcid spiders, crane flies, and reaper spiders. The latter two have no venom at all while the former does, but no venom that is particularly dangerous or likely to cause a reaction in humans. This “long-legged daddy” form has fangs and therefore can probably bite you, but there is no evidence that it will be harmful.
What are the deadliest spiders?
There is a debate around this topic. But, according to CBS News, ten of the deadliest spiders include:
The Encyclopedia Britannica adds Yellow Sac spiders, Red Widow spiders, and Wolf spiders to this list.
Can a black widow kill you?
Rarely. A black widow bite only poses a high health risk to young children and the elderly, especially given advances in anti-venom medical technology.
Black widow spiders are indeed the most venomous spider in North America (Australian spiders are particularly famous). Their venom contains a chemical called alpha-latrotoxin which causes severe pain, cramping, swelling, sweating and chills.
If you see a doctor, they may give you antivenom to treat the bite, which will neutralize the venom and relieve some of the pain.
The Joro spider is as big as your palm: A Spider As Big As The Palm Of Your Hand Could Soon Invade The East Coast, Scientists Say
Are banana spiders poisonous?
Banana spiders aren’t poisonous and aren’t generally considered a serious danger to humans, although their bite can be painful.
There is a type of banana spider known as the Brazilian wandering spider which can, in rare cases, cause intense symptoms. This is not a spider you usually find in the United States
Are wolf spiders poisonous?
Wolf spiders, like banana spiders, are venomous but not poisonous. Their bites are not known to cause serious harm to humans.
People can have allergic reactions to the venom, but it’s not common.
Pictures of spiders guaranteed to scare you: Here are some spiders that would leave you terrified
Are tarantulas poisonous?
Tarantulas do not pose a major health risk. Their venom has very low toxicity to humans. So, despite their disturbing appearance, there is very little reason to fear these furry creatures.
How to get rid of gnats: Instantly Kill Pests in Your Home With These Tips
Just curious?: We’re here to help you answer life’s everyday questions
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: What’s the World’s Deadliest Spider? It’s not what you think.